The process of editing typically progresses from content (development and line) editing to copy editing to proofreading. Like any process in the world of writing, it rarely travels in a straight line. You may choose any combination of the services below. We can work together to decide which type of editing would best serve your manuscript and your goals.

I specialize in Young Adult, New Adult, Middle Grade, Romance, and Short Stories. I’m open to editing work in other genres. I copy edit, proofread, and cold read non-fiction text for authors and businesses.


1) Developmental Editing

This might be for you if your manuscript has never been seen before.

This kind of editing focuses on the foundation of your work. How is your story structured and paced? How are your characters developed? Is the point of view consistent? These (and many more) are the questions I’ll tackle during a developmental edit. I will write an editorial letter including all of these major points, to help you decide on possible revisions; I will also talk with you on the phone for 15 minutes after you’ve received the editorial letter. Depending on the scope of your revisions, you may choose to do multiple rounds of edits on the developmental level.


2) Line Editing

This might be for you if your manuscript has already been revised, and you want to polish every word.

After you’ve ensured that your work has a strong foundation, you can start exploring its framework with a line edit. During a line edit, I will do a close line-by-line read of your manuscript. I’ll look at sentence structure, word choice, repetition, transitions, and other language-related issues. Line edits sometimes also include grammar and spelling issues if I happen to notice them, but that is not guaranteed, as those are the focus of copy editing.


3) Copy Editing

This might be for you if you are preparing to query an agent or to self-publish your manuscript.

This phase of editing is focused on spelling, grammar, and style. I follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., unless we have already made explicit arrangements to use another style guide.


4) Proofreading

This might be for you if you’ve done extensive copy editing and want to make sure no new errors have cropped up.

Proofreading follows on the heels of copy editing. I’ll compare the list of copy edits to your newly revised version to make sure that all the changes were made and no new errors were introduced. Proofreading also catches typos and formatting issues that may have come up. It’s most effective if the person who proofs a manuscript is someone other than the person who did the copy edits, to make sure that nothing slips through the cracks due to the reader being overly familiar with the material. This means that I may bring in another trusted editor to proofread something that I have copy edited for you. Proofreading also needs to be done on a paper copy. You really can see more errors on paper than on a screen.


5) Cold Reading

This might be for you if your manuscript is ready to go, but you want a fresh set of eyes to check for any final typos.

Are you ready to self-publish your manuscript or query an agent? It’s a great idea to have a cold read done at this point. I will read the entire manuscript to check for any major errors–such as missing words, missing punctuation, or typos–that might have escaped the editorial process. As with proofreading, it’s best for a fresh set of eyes to do a cold read, and it’s also best for the cold read to be done on a paper copy.